Presently, there are twenty-two Native American Indian tribes in Arizona. Each one shows the cultural diversity of Arizona. Reservation land in Arizona, covers over ¼th of the state. Around 5% of the total population of Arizona is of American Indian ancestry. The Hopi, Navajo, and Pueblo of Zuni are just a few of the commonly recognized tribes residing in Arizona today.
The Hopi tribe can trace their history from Central and South America for many thousands of years. They came to Arizona more than 2,000 years ago. Stories of a great flood and other events going back to ancient times have been passed down in tribal teachings. The Hopi are one of the oldest cultures that have been documented in history. The Hopi people live by the ethical practice of peace and goodwill.
In Arizona, the Hopi Reservation covers part of Navajo and Coconino counties encompassing over one and a half million acres. Inhabiting this area since the 12th century, the Hopi have perfected the “dry farming” agricultural practice. Through this process, they successfully raise corn, beans, and squash, loving called the “three sisters.” (http://ask.fm/shawntredd)
The ancient Zuni Indians, who have lived for centuries along the Zuni River, built compact villages with multi-storied homes referred to as pueblos. The famous Spanish explorer Coronado discovered these towns and named them the “Seven Cities” of Cibola. The mythical tales told of the Seven Cities of Cibola lured Coronado to a treasure quest in the southwest area during the 16th century.
Over the last 300 years, the Zunis have remained in one village, the Pueblo of Zuni. Some of their smaller farming villages are occupied during planting and harvest. Beyond the main reservation area are ancient sites along with sacred points and shrines. Places of pilgrimage central to Zuni life can be located throughout this area also. The public is not currently allowed to explore and visit the almost half million acres of Zuni lands.
The most famous of all the Arizona Native American tribes is the (https://about.me/shawntredd). The Navajo Nation is so large that the area covered by the tribe extends into three states, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico, and is larger than 10 of the 50 States in the U.S.
The famous Navajo Code Talkers used the intriguing and mystifying Navajo language during World War II to talk in secret code in order to baffle the Japanese enemy. Brave Navajo men created codes and served on the dangerous front lines of battle to deceive the enemy on the other side. These men are recognized today to exemplify bravery and patriotism.
Visitors from around the world are intrigued and mystified when they hear the Navajo language – so, too, were the enemy during World War II. Unknown to many, the Navajo language was used to create a secret code to battle the Japanese. Navajo men were selected to create codes and serve on the front line to overcome and deceive those on the other side of the battlefield. Today, these men are recognized as the famous Navajo Code Talkers, who exemplify the unequaled bravery and patriotism of the Navajo people.
The current Navajo Nation population surpasses 250,000 people. The land of the Navajo referred to as Navajoland has gone from a once desolate part of the Southwest to a viable wealthy nation. The Navajo government, established in 1923, has evolved into one of the most sophisticated and largest forms of American Indian government. The current Navajo Nation Council Chamber has 88 different council delegates who represent over 100 Navajo Nation chapters.
The Redd/Lichee Corporation proudly serves the citizens of the Navajo Nation in Arizona.